An Updated Introduction to Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi is located to the south of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and surrounded by mountain ranges on three sides of the east, south and west. Since ancient time, Jiangxi Province has been renowned as a land of fish and rice. Covering a total area of 166,900 square kilometers, Jiangxi has a population of 46 million. There are, under its jurisdiction, 11 prefecture-level cities which encompass 100 counties, including county-level cities and districts. It is a place reputed for endowing with abundant resources and producing outstanding people.
Jiangxi enjoys an advantageous geographic location and a convenient transportation network. Adjacent to the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta, and the triangular area of the southeast of Fujian Province, Jiangxi is thus given a geographic advantage of connecting the east with the west, and linking the north with the south. By the end of 2016, the mileage of completed railways in the province was 4,322 kilometers. The mileage of completed expressways in the province reached 6,000 kilometers. Up to date, Jiangxi has seven airports, namely, Nanchang airport, Jiujiang airport, Jingdezhen airport, Ganzhou airport, Jinggangshan airport, Yichun airport and Shangrao airport.
Jiangxi has a long history and a splendid culture. The whole province is proud of having three national-level famous historic and cultural cities, namely, Nanchang, Jingdezhen and Ganzhou. Jiangxi is an important area in which Chinese Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism have proliferated. Of the eight most famous scholars in the Tang and Song Dynasties, three of them, namely, Ouyang Xiu, Zeng Gong and Wang Anshi were born in Jiangxi. Wannian County is the place of origin of rice cultivation in the world. Jingdezhen, the “Porcelain Capital of the World”, has inherited a long-standing ceramic culture dating back thousands of years.
Jiangxi boasts good ecological environment. Its forests cover an area of 143 million mu (1 mu=0.0667 hectares), which accounts to 63.1% of the entire province, ranking among the top in China. Poyang Lake in Jiangxi is the largest fresh water lake in China and an important piece of wetland with international significance.
Jiangxi is endowed with abundant mineral resources, of which there are 170 different kinds. The copper reserve of Jiangxi ranks the first in China. The largest copper mine in Asia has been established in Dexing City in the northeast of Jiangxi, where there is also the biggest copper smelting center of China. The south of Jiangxi is reputed as the “Tungsten Capital of the World” and the “Kingdom of Rare Earths”. The red revolutionary resources are abundant in Jiangxi. Mt. Jinggang is the cradle of Chinese revolution. Nanchang is the birthplace of the People’s Liberation Army. The Nanchang Aug 1st Uprising fires the first gunshot at the Kuomintang Party. Ruijin is the place of the Chinese Soviet Republic, where the first red political power of China was founded, and it is also the starting point of the Long March of the Central Red Army.
Jiangxi has developed swiftly and is full of vitality. In 2017, the GDP of the entire province was over RMB 2.08 trillion, representing an increase of 8.9% over the previous year. The financial revenue was over RMB 344.7 billion, representing an increase of 9.7% over the previous year. The fixed-asset investment was over RMB 2.18trillion, representing an increase of 12.3% over the previous year. The total sales volume of consumer goods was RMB 744.8billion, representing an increase of 12.3% over the previous year. The disposable income of urban residents was RMB 31198, representing an increase of 8.8% over the previous year. The disposable income of rural residents was RMB 13242, representing an increase of 9.1% over the previous year.